CNC and robot combined for the foundry.
CNC are unbeatable per their rigidity and working speed, robots are the best in terms of flexibility, so the spontaneous question one may have is why can’t you combine the two together?
Indeed after decades where a huge wall always divided the CNC (or PLC) controlled heavy duty machineries, used mainly for outside part grinding (snag grinding, face grinding and so on) from the robotic based solutions applied to mainly light alloys finishing (deburring, polishing and similar cases) in the last years the market has started seen solutions that tried to combine the plus of both technologies.
If you have a chance to visit foundry finishing shops around the world, especially in the automotive sector, you may happen to see solutions where CNC units are working along with robotic arms in a single complex, quite fascinating ideas.
Unfortunately, not an easy call for a job shop as they require high level of skills to be properly used.
Just consider the programmer who oversees a new part set up that needs to know both the cnc as well as the robotic programming languages.